29 Jan Oil-Life Monitoring Systems (OLMS)
Oil-Life Monitoring Systems contradicts Amsoil oil-change recommendations
Oil-life monitoring systems (OLMS) are standard on most vehicles today. They helped convince motorists to go longer between oil changes than the standard 3,000-mile limit, reducing waste oil and saving time and money. Today, it’s common for an OLMS in a vehicle to recommend an oil change after 10,000 miles.
For all their benefits, these systems do have shortcomings. For example, they sometimes provide service intervals that contradict the recommendations of some Amsoil oils.
Faults of Oil-Life Monitoring Systems
Oil-life monitor is a poor description for these systems. A better name would be oil-life estimator. They do not monitor any direct physical or chemical property of oil. They only accumulate data from the vehicle’s computer and predict how your driving habits and operating conditions have affected the oil’s viscosity, total base number (a measure of remaining detergency), oxidation level and other factors. Since the OLMS can’t measure these key properties like a chemist in a lab would measure them, how can the OLMS know when the oil has only 10 percent life remaining? It can’t. The OLMS simply estimates oil life based on an algorithm.
While first-generation oil-life monitors were simple, mileage-based systems that prescribed fixed oil-change intervals regardless of operating conditions, today’s systems are far more sophisticated. They monitor several conditions known to reduce oil life, enter those values into an algorithm and return the oil-life percentage you see on your vehicle’s display.
Faults of OLMS Example #1
Towing can lead to increased engine rpm, which stresses the engine and the oil. If the vehicle’s computer detects frequent high-rpm driving, the OLMS will shorten the oil change interval. The same holds for extreme ambient heat, which can accelerate oxidation and chemical breakdown of the oil. Continually driving under heavy loads, like while towing, also shortens the drain interval, along with several other factors.
Faults of OLMS Example #2
Ford* says in a video on its website that drivers can expect its Intelligent Oil-Life Monitor* to recommend oil changes about every 7,500- 10,000 miles . But, if you do a lot of trailer-towing or idling, expect the system to recommend oil changes every 5,000-7,500 miles. Driving in extreme temperatures or frequently towing near maximum capacity will lead to oil changes every 3,000-5,000 miles. Oil-life monitors from other automakers typically follow the same pattern.
If I use AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil, which is proven to neutralize acids, fight viscosity loss and resist volatility better than other oils. OLMS cannot adjust its mileage recommendations depending on oil quality.
OLMS cannot differentiate between a high-quality synthetic oil and a cheap conventional oil.
In these cases, your OLMS may recommend an oil change in your heavy-use pickup after just 5,000 miles when you know perfectly well the Signature Series in the engine is good for another 10,000 severe-service miles since Amsoil guarantees the oil for up to 15,000 miles, one year in severe service. The same principle holds for XL Synthetic Motor Oil, which carries a maximum drain interval of up to 12,000 miles /one year.
Despite the sophistication of oil-life monitoring systems, they have drawbacks. You can be assured, that Amsoil synthetic motor oils delivers excellent protection in your vehicle for the drain interval we recommend, regardless of what the OLMS says. If you elect to extend your drain interval, simply reset the OLMS and follow the recommendations Amsoil provides.